1. I want to do business. How can I start a business?
Ans: To start a business at first you should have Tax Identification Number (TIN)/certificate and especially need a trade license? For Joint business or company you need register your company. in Office of the Registrar of Joint Stock Companies & Firms. The office is located at 24-25 Dilkusha Commercial Area, Dhaka. This Office accords registration of Companies, Associations and Partnership Firms under the Companies Act, other related acts, rules, orders and ensures lawful administration of them.
2. From where can I get a trade license?
Ans: For trade License you can apply to City Corporation, Pourashova or Union Parishad.
3. How can I register my company?
Ans: For registration of company name you need approach Office of the Registrar of Joint Stock Companies & Firms. The office is located at 24-25 Dilkusha Commercial Area, Dhaka. This Office accords registration of Companies, Associations and Partnership Firms under the Companies Act, other related acts, rules, orders and ensures lawful administration of them.
4. Having a trade license can I start export business?
Ans. No, for export business you need to get Export Registration Certificate (ERC) also.
5. How can I get ERC?
Ans: To get Export Registration Certificate (ERC) you have to apply to the Office of the Chief Controller of Import and Export (CCI&E) in prescribed form. Along with the application you have to submit the following documents:
Prescribed form and other related information are provided in the official website of the CCI&E. The web address of CCI&E is www.ccie.gov.bd
(6) For export should I need any quality assurance certificate?
Ans. Yes, in most cases you need quality assurance certificate. These kinds of certificate are being issued by some authorized office/organizations/trade associations like, Export Promotion Bureau(EPB), Department of Fisheries(DOF), Bangladesh Standard and Testing Institute(BSTI) and some other Trade Organizations.
7) What is compliance in export business?
Ans: In export business compliance means meeting the foreign buyer requirements. Sometimes the foreign buyers/buyer country/countries impose some special conditions on quality issues, working environment in the factory, etc. These requirements are known as compliance.
(8) For export should I need Government Permission?
Ans. Other than restricted items enlisted in Annex-1(export prohibited items) and Annex-2 (conditional export items) all the products are freely exportable and don’t require any export permission from Government. For conditional export items you need clearance from the appropriate authority as mentioned Annex-2 of the Export Policy 2009-2012.
(9) I will buy some finished products and then again export it at higher rate. Is it possible?
Ans: Yes, you can but under some conditions i.e. in that case your export will be Entre-pôt and Re-export you need to follow the rules and procedure laid in respective policy or circulars which is attached here with as Annexure-3)
10. How can I get cash incentive for my exported items?
Ans: You can get cash incentives for the items and at the rate as shown in Annexure-4. You just follow the procedure as stated and claim with all necessary documents in your merchant bank.
11. What is GSP?
Ans: GSP- Generalized System of Preference. In this system we get some preferential advantage including duty free or concession and quota free access.
12. In which countries we are getting GSP
Ans: We are getting GSP in 37 Countries including 27 EU countries and 10 others like USA, Canada, Japan, Norway, Switzerland etc .
13. How an exporter export certain products. How can I help him?
Ans: At first and exporter needs an ERC (Export Registration Certificate) upon submission of bank balance, membership certificate of some association, trade license etc as explained in answer of question no-5. Then he can search for foreign buyers. He can collect some buyers list from Export Promotion Bureau (EPB) and Bangladesh Mission’s of the export destination country.
14. What is FTA and PTA and explain Bangladesh Position in these agreements?
15. What is RTA and BTA and explain Bangladesh Position in these agreements?
16. What are comparative advantage, Competitive Advantage and Absolute advantage?
Comparative Advantage: Identifying which activities a country/firm/individual is most efficient at doing (e.g. naturally available-cheap labour, cheap resource, better climate etc). Another example that Canada has the right climate/ skilled labour, resources etc. to produce wood-pulp efficiently. CA theory states that grow and sell the product which you have comparative advantage (CA) and buy the product in which you have less CA.
Competitive Advantage: Competitive advantage is at the heart of a form’s performance in competitive markets. Competition between firms or products. e.g. Lower cost, differentiated products .
Absolute Advantage: If a firms or products is superior at producing both the products, it holds absolute advantage.
17. What is NT, MFN, TBT, NTB ?
NT: National Treatment(Treat domestic and imported product equally)
MFN: Most-Favored Nation Treatment (To treat all WTO countries equally)
TBT: Technical Barriers to Trade: Ensure regulations, standards, testing and certification (WTO regulation)
SPS: Sanitary and Phytosanitary Standards. Complement to TBT
NTB: Non Tariff Barrier
18. What are Dumping, Antidumping and Countervailing?
Dumping: Occurs when a company when a company exports a product at a price lower than that normally charged in home market
Antidumping: Put an export tax on dumped product.
Countervailing: Meaning Anti-subsidies- Countervailing duties may be used to offset (remedy) unfairly subsidized trade.
RoO-Rules of Origin- used to determine where a product comes from
TRIPS-Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights-Copy Right Law, Patent Law, Trade Mark law
19. What are Primary goods, Manufactured goods, Traditional and Non -traditional goods?Ans:
20. How can you separate the LDC’s from Developing countries?
Ans: The Criteria for the identification of the LDCs are as follows:
In its latest triennial review of the list of Least Developed Countries in 2003, the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations used the following three criteria for the identification of the LDCs, as proposed by the Committee for Development Policy (CDP):
• a low-income criterion, based on a three-year average estimate of the gross domestic product per capita (under $750 for inclusion, above $900 for graduation);
• a human resource weakness criterion, involving a composite Augmented Physical Quality of Life Index (APQLI) based on indicators of: (a) nutrition; (b) health; (c) education; and (d) adult literacy; and
• an economic vulnerability criterion, involving a composite Economic Vulnerability Index (EVI) based on indicators of: (a) the instability of agricultural production; (b) the instability of exports of goods and services; (c) the economic importance of nontraditional activities (share of manufacturing and modern services in GDP); (d) merchandise export concentration; and (e) the handicap of economic smallness (as measured through the population in logarithm); and the percentage of population displaced by natural disasters. (E/2004/33)
To be added to the list, a country must satisfy all three criteria. To qualify for graduation, a country must meet the thresholds for two of the three criteria in two consecutive triennial reviews by the CDP. In addition, since the fundamental meaning of the LDC category, i.e. the recognition of structural handicaps, excludes large economies, the population must not exceed 75 million. In the 2000 review, Senegal was included in the list of LDCs. Timor-Leste was added to the list in 2003, bringing the total number of LDCs to 50. With regard to the 2003 triennial review of the list, the CDP concluded that Cape Verde and Maldives qualified for graduation and recommended that they be graduated from the LDC category. The CDP also concluded that Samoa was eligible for graduation in 2006. Based on the CDP report, the ECOSOC will make a recommendation to the General Assembly, which is responsible for the final decision on the list of LDCs.
21. What is MFA?
Ans: The Multi-fiber Arrangement (MFA), sometimes referred to as the Multi-fiber Agreement, is a trade agreement adopted in 1973 by the United States, Canada, and Europe that set quotas for the amount of textiles and apparel that other countries could export to these countries. The MFA, which came into force in 1974, was seen as a protectionist measure intended to prevent the loss of textile and garment industry jobs in the US, Canada, and the EU to countries, mainly developing countries, where such goods could be more cheaply produced. It was first seen as a temporary measure, but was extended five times (Hyvärinen, 2000). However, by the end of this year, following a 10-year phase-out program governed by another agreement, the Agreement on Textile and Clothing (ATC), that came into force along with the World Trade Organization (WTO) agreement in 1995, the MFA system will come to an end. This means that in 2005, all WTO members will have unrestricted access to the European, US, and Canadian markets.
22. What assistance do we provide to our exporter?
Ans: The importance assistances we provide to our exporters are as follows:
-project loan at lower rate of interest
-Income tax exemption
-export loans with soft terms and lower rate of interest
-reduced air fare
-tax return/bond facilities
-assistance in production of marketing
-help them to participate in international fair, marketing missions abroad
-duty draw back, ECG, EPF fund facilities
-International trade related training and workshop
-export loan with a lower rate of interest and under easy terms and condition etc.
23. What is the basic feature of our export policy?Ans:The basic features are:
24. How an exporter is being honored?
Ans: To honor the exporter Commercially Important Person (CIP) are declared by Government related facilities are being provided. Besides Export Trophy are also distributed to the distinguished exporters.
25. How many kinds of CIP are being declared and what is the criteria for CIP exporters?Ans: There are different types of CIP i.e. CIP-Export, CIP-Industry and CIP-NRB in Bangladesh. We deal with CIP-Export and the criteria used to determine Commercially Important Person (CIP) for Export are as follows:
Ministry of Commerce or Export Promotion Bureau publishes advertisement regarding invitation of application for CIP in August of the year. For further information a copy of the “CIP (Export) Plicy-2006 can be seen at Annexure-6)
26.What is WTO Mode1, Mode2, Mode3, Mode4 ?Ans:
Mode1- Invisible communication with another countries e.g. Telecommunication, Rail Communication etc.
Mode11- Services taken from other countries like healthcare, nursing, etc
Mode 111- Foreign Direct Investment(FDI)
Mode IV- Movement of Natural Person to another countries.
27. What is TRIMs?
Ans: TRIMs: (WTO) Trade Related Investment Measures Agreements
28. What facilities for export-oriented industries are being offered by Board of Investment (BOI)?